Tamponada serca w przebiegu babeszjozy u psa – opis przypadku
Cardiac tamponade in a dog in the course of babesiosis – clinical case
This paper presents the clinical case of a dog with cardiac tamponade in the course of babesiosis and discusses possible causes of this condition. An 8-year-old Hovawart was admitted to the Clinic with symptoms of weakness, anemia, dyspnea and brown-colored urine. Blood smears demonstrated Babesia canis merozoites inside red blood cells. This diagnosis was confirmed by PCR. An echocardiographic examination revealed a large amount of fluid in the pericardium and cardiac tamponade. The therapy included administration of imidocarb and removal of the fluid during pericardiocentesis. The dog’s overall condition improved significantly. A follow-up examination one month later did not show any cardiac abnormalities. Blood tests for parasites were also negative. Cardiac tamponade is not a common complication of babesiosis, and its presence considerably hinders the diagnosis and treatment of babesiosis. Awareness of this complication allows for early institution of appropriate, often life-saving, procedures.